Battle of Hanging Rock Historic Site

About 3.5 mi. S of Heath Springs off U.S. 521, Heath Springs, South Carolina

Photo 

Battle of Hanging Rock Historic Site, Hanging Rock and Historical Marker

South Carolina Department of Archives and History

View this photo at nationalregister.sc.gov

Map 

Description 

As part of a series of strongholds planned to maintain the British position in South Carolina, an outpost was established at Hanging Rock in 1780. The importance of this post was in its strategic location on the road from Camden to Charlotte. The first American attack on the post occurred on July 30, 1780, led by Major William Richardson Davie, with forty dragoons and forty mounted riflemen. Davieís attack on a garrisoned house near the fort, and not the fort itself, was successful; he took about 60 horses and 100 stand of arms. On August 5, 1780, General Thomas Sumter crossed the Catawba River 20 miles north of Rocky Mount at Landís Ford, where about 500 North Carolinians under Major Davie and Colonel Robert Irwin joined his 300 South Carolina militiamen. They marched 16 miles during the night and reached Hanging Rock Creek early Sunday morning. The British garrison was held by 1,400 men under the command of Major Carden of the Prince of Wales Regiment. Sumterís surprise attack began at six oíclock with the men advancing across the creek against Bryanís Tory militia. Sumter meant to attack the entire British line, but misjudged; the American units met instead the northern end of the British line. Sumterís troops then attacked the main British camp. The British retreated further south to Colonel Robinsonís camps, but Sumter moved in and took two-thirds of that camp also. After three hours of fighting, many of Sumterís men were unable to continue the battle. It was agreed to plunder the British camp and depart. Listed in the National Register December 31, 1974. - SCDAH

National Register information 

Status
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on December 31, 1974
Reference number
74001860
Area of significance
Military
Level of significance
National
Evaluation criteria
A - Event
Property type
Site
Historic functions
Military facility; Battle site
Current functions
Underwater; Park; Agricultural fields
Period of significance
1750-1799
Significant year
1780
Number of properties
Contributing sites: 1
Non-contributing buildings: 6

Update Log 

  • September 17, 2014: Updated by Michael Miller: Added "Description" and Imported Photo
  • September 17, 2014: Photo imported by Michael Miller

Sources