Crandall, Prudence, House

Also known as: Elisha Payne House, Prudence Crandall School for Negro Girls, Prudence Crandall Museum
1 S. Canterbury Rd, Canterbury, Connecticut


Street View 


From 1831 to 1834, this was the residence of Prudence Crandall (1803-1890), American educator and reformer. In 1831, Crandall had been invited by the residents of Canterbury to open a school for young women in their community; however, Crandall immediately lost local support when in the fall of 1832 she admitted Sarah Harris, a young Black girl who aspired to be a teacher. Parents were outraged; on September 9, 1834, an angry mob broke into and ransacked the school. The next morning, fearing for the safety of her students, Crandall closed her school. -- National Historic Landmark statement of significance, July 17, 1991

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on October 22, 1970
Reference number
Architectural styles
Other architectural type; Early Republic; "Canterbury type"
Areas of significance
Education; Ethnic Heritage - Black; Social History; Architecture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
B - Person; C - Design/Construction; A - Event
Property type
Historic function
Current functions
Library; Museum; Single dwelling
Periods of significance
1800-1824; 1825-1849
Significant years
1805; 1833; 1834