Weston State Hospital

Also known as: The Lunatic Asylum West of the Allegheny Mountains, Weston Ho, Trans-Allegheny Lunatic Asylum
River St., Weston, West Virginia

Former mental hospital, now tourist attraction in Weston, WV

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Weston State Hospital

Photo taken by Michael Miller

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Description 

One of the largest hand-cut stone masonry buildings in America, the Weston hospital took two decades to build following the original 1858 plan. Beautifully preserved, this West Virginia facility, once quite isolated, was also self-sufficient and was a model architectural community that operated successfully for over 100 years. It is also one of a small number of 19th century institutions that survives in the United States to illustrate the great reforms in the treatment of mental illness. -- National Historic Landmark statement of significance, June 21, 1990

National Register information 

Status
Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on April 19, 1978
Reference number
78002805
Architectural styles
Late 19th and 20th Century Revival: Tudor Revival; Other architectural type; Jacobean Revival
Areas of significance
Health/Medicine; Politics/Government; Architecture
Level of significance
National
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
Building
Historic function
Hospital
Current function
Hospital
Periods of significance
1875-1899; 1850-1874
Significant years
1858; 1881

Update Log 

  • January 5, 2015: Photo imported by Michael Miller
  • November 7, 2013: Updated by Michael Miller: Added "Description"

Sources