John Muir National Historic Site

4202 Alhambra Ave., Martinez, California


John Muir House

1. Historic American Buildings Survey Photograph Original 1900 - Recopy 1960 GENERAL VIEW FROM SOUTH

Photo from the Historic American Buildings Survey

View photos at Library of Congress


Street View 


The house was built in 1882 by Dr. John Theophile Strentzel, outstanding early horticulturist and physician. John Muir, who married Strentzel's daughter, made this his home from 1890 until his death in 1914. Here Muir, naturalist, conservationist and rancher, produced most of his significant published works on the flora and fauna of the west. Later occupied by various owners, the house was kept in reasonably good repair until 1952, but was later vacated and neglected for two years. Purchased in 1955 by Mr. and Mrs. Henry W. Sax, the house has been partially repaired and refurnished. -- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS CA-1890)

"This is the ranch home of John Muir, 1838-1914, explorer, naturalist, author and foremost advocate of forest protection and of national parks. The John Muir Trail through the high Sierra, Muir Woods National Monument, and Muir Glacier in Alaska are named for him." - California Historic Landmark No.312

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966
Reference number
Architectural styles
Modern Movement; Victorian: Italianate
Areas of significance
Conservation; Literature; Science; Architecture; Social History; Agriculture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction; B - Person
Property type
Historic functions
Single dwelling; Pedestrian related; Secondary structure
Current function
Periods of significance
1875-1899; 1850-1874; 1825-1849
Significant years
1849; 1882; 1883
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 3
Contributing structures: 1
Contributing sites: 1
Non-contributing buildings: 2

Update Log 

  • March 26, 2019: Updated by Richard Doody: Added historical info
  • December 28, 2016: New Street View added by Bill Eichelberger