Walnut Grove Plantation

8 mi. SE of Spartanburg, about 1 mi. E of jct. of U.S. 221 and I-26, Spartanburg, South Carolina


Walnut Grove, Route 1

Photo from the Historic American Buildings Survey

View photos at Library of Congress



This complex reflects the migration of Scotch-Irish settlers from Pennsylvania and Virginia who established subsistence farms in the South Carolina upcountry. It also illustrates a South Carolina upcountry farmstead of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, which produced cattle, sheep, flax, and food products. Constructed with hewn logs covered with weatherboard siding, the complex is rectangular in shape and dimension. The complex was listed in the National Register of Historic Places on July 1, 1970. -- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS SC-616)

The Walnut Grove house, outbuildings, and furnishings provide a fully documented picture of life, and an example of social history, in upcountry South Carolina prior to 1830. The house itself is considered one of the finest remaining upcountry plantation houses of the period. Built about 1765 by Charles Moore, a Scotch-Irish immigrant who had moved from the Middle Atlantic colonies into Piedmont South Carolina, the Walnut Grove Plantation house reflects the Scotch-Irish flow of immigration down into the Carolina upcountry, as opposed to the upward flow from the Carolina coast. Its plan and construction are in part indigenous to the Piedmont, in part influenced by rural Pennsylvania Dutch architecture. Of simple Georgian style, the two-story structure is of unchinked logs covered with clapboards. Late Queen Anne mantels, fielded paneling, and double-shouldered chimneys are among its distinctive features. Separate outbuildings include a kitchen, built about 1777, and an academy building that doubled as a weaving room. The Rocky Spring Academy at Walnut Grove was established by Moore, one of two classical schools in the county, operating from 1770-1850. Other separate log buildings reconstructed as part of the plantation complex include a well and spring house, a work shop, a smoke house, and a blacksmith shop and forge. About 500 yards west of the main house is the Moore family cemetery. The plantation name came from the walnut trees planted around the house. Listed in the National Register July 1, 1970. - SCDAH

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on July 1, 1970
Reference number
Architectural style
Areas of significance
Education; Architecture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
Historic function
Single dwelling
Current function
Period of significance
Significant years
1765; 1770; 1777
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 3
Contributing structures: 1
Non-contributing buildings: 4
Non-contributing structures: 1

Update Log 

  • October 23, 2014: Photo imported by Michael Miller
  • May 12, 2014: Updated by Michael Miller: Corrected "Address"



Walnut Grove Plantation
Posted May 12, 2014, by Michael Miller (michael_a_miller [at] yahoo [dot] com)

Probably just a sticky key or finger! I've corrected it.

Walnut Grove Plantation
Posted April 15, 2014, by Andrew Penik (ajpenik [at] aol [dot] com)

US 221. not 921.

Great place to visit. My mother managed it years ago, lots of memories here!