Eugene Field House

634 S. Broadway, St. Louis, Missouri


Historic American Buildings Survey Alexander Piaget, Photographer, April 9, 1934 WEST ELEVATION (FRONT)

Photo taken for the Historic American Buildings Survey


Street View 


The Field House is significant as the home of Roswell Field, attorney for the slave Dred Scott, whose case, Scott v. Sandford (1857), was the most controversial Supreme Court case of the nineteenth century, and remains one of the most significant cases in the history of the U.S. Supreme Court. Field formulated the legal strategy that placed Scott's suit for freedom before the Court. The Court declared that no slave could be a U.S. citizen and furthermore found unconstitutional the Missouri Compromise of 1820 that abolished slavery in the territories. The Scott decision widened the political gap between North and South and helped precipitate the Civil War. -- National Historic Landmark statement of significance, March 29, 2007

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on August 19, 1975
Reference number
NR name
Field, Eugene, House
Architectural style
Areas of significance
Community Planning and Development; Literature; Politics/Government; Architecture; Social History
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction; B - Person
Property type
Historic function
Single dwelling
Current function
Periods of significance
1850-1874; 1825-1849
Significant years
1845; 1850; 1857
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 1
Non-contributing structures: 1


19th Century (37,887)
Brick (42,462)
Built 1845 (243)
Built during 1840s (3,005)
Federal (4,600)
Have Street View (47,033)
House (27,684)
Missouri (4,899)
National Historic Landmark (2,197)
Owned by local government (11,500)
St. Louis, Missouri (398)
Stone (26,160)

Update Log 

  • June 1, 2017: New Street View added by Bill Eichelberger
  • April 28, 2012: Imported photos from HABS/HAER