Castle Hill

290 Argilla Rd., Ipswich, Massachusetts



Castle Hill is fittingly named. Overlooking the New England coast from its isolated hill, the baronial brick Georgian Revival mansion was built in the 1920s as a summer house for plumbing magnate Richard Teller Crane, Jr. It survives as a pre-eminent example of the American "country house," typically a large-scale complex with a main house surrounded by formal grounds, recreational facilities, greenhouses, and support buildings. Such establishments served the rich as comfortable rural retreats from increasingly crowded, industrialized cities. Castle Hill is also significant for its well-preserved examples of the work of seven nationally-known architects and landscape architects, including David Adler; Shepley, Rutan & Coolidge; the Olmsted Brothers; Arthur Shurcliff; Ernest Bowditch; Edward Burnett; and Harriett Foote." The house and grounds, maintained by the Trustees of Reservations, are open to the public. -- National Historic Landmark statement of significance, August 6, 1998

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on December 2, 1977
Reference number
Architectural styles
Other architectural type; Late 19th and 20th Century Revival: Tudor Revival; Elizabethan/English Renaiss.
Areas of significance
Architecture; Landscape Architecture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
B - Person; C - Design/Construction
Property type
Historic function
Single dwelling
Current function
Period of significance
Significant years
1926; 1927
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 9
Contributing structures: 5
Contributing sites: 1
Non-contributing buildings: 2
Non-contributing structures: 2
Non-contributing sites: 3

Update Log 

  • June 17, 2015: Updated by Brian Bartlett: fixed coordinates