Also known as: 11-Ls-12, Site of Fort St. Louis-Le Rocher6 mi. from Ottawa on IL 71, Starved Rock State Park, Ottawa, Illinois
A prominent rock formation along the south bank of the Illinois River.
+41.32044, -88.9907041°19'14" N, 88°59'27" W
Quadrangle map:Starved Rock
Starved Rock is the central feature of Starved Rock State Park, six miles west of Ottawa, Illinois, off Route 71. The prominent rock formation with a flat top and sheer sides rises about 150 feet from the south bank of the Illinois River. – from the Nation Register nomination form.
LaSalle, who had claimed the Mississippi Valley for the French, was given the power to govern trade in the Illinois country. In 1683, Fort St. Louis was built on top of Starved Rock, a prominent rock formation on the south bank of the Illinois River and across from the Grand Village of the Kaskaskia-Illinois. Fort St. Louis was the first official center and was meant to be a link in a chain of forts which were expected to confine the English colonies to the east coast. The fort also had a strategic position; towering above the lowest rapids in the Illinois River, it controlled a main passage from Canada to the south. – from the Nation Register nomination form.
Indian legend has it that during the 1760's a group of Illini took refuge atop the rock while trying to escape from an Ottawa-Potawatomi attack. The Illini were surrounded and starved into submission, thus the name Starved Rock. – from the Nation Register nomination form.
National Register information
- Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966
- Reference number
- Areas of significance
- Archeology - Non-Aboriginal; Exploration/Settlement
- Level of significance
- Evaluation criteria
- D - Information Potential
- Property type
- Historic function
- Current function
- Period of significance
- Significant years
- 1685; 1683; 1691
- October 26, 2015: New photos from GS
- September 27, 2013: Updated by Jim Allen: Added overview & description