South Tracy-South Black Historic District

200--600 blks. of S. Tracy & S. Black Aves., Bozeman, Montana



"As Main Street became Bozeman's commercial thoroughfare, this area to the south along South Tracy and South Black Avenues between Olive and Anderson Streets was platted in 1871, extending the original townsite. Construction began immediately as reported in the Avant Courier's first issue: "From early dawn until the setting sun, the hammer of the builder makes the welcome ring ... of industry and progress." By 1872, modest wood frame dwellings lined South Tracy Avenue. The simple "I-house" at 308 South Tracy, built by freed slave Richard McDonald, represents this earliest period of growth. Other early residences include 209 and 211 South Tracy Avenue (built in 1879 as rentals by black barber Samuel Lewis), the gable fronted home at 401 S. Black (1879), and two fine residences at 422 and 301 South Black (1880). Although building continued throughout the 1880s, extensive development did not occur until after 1900 when population growth created a need for more housing. The many homes built in the district between 1906 and 1935 reflect the popular trend toward modest, affordable single-family dwellings. The Bartholomew brothers and Guy Ensinger among other prominent Bozeman builders added many bungalows in rapid succession, sometimes several at a time, filling in open lots and spaces that once separated older residences. Today the district totals eighty-nine homes and the Longfellow School, built with WPA assistance in 1939. Earlier, modestly scaled and ornamented homes interspersed among the predominant bungalows creates a building density and visual layering of ages unparalleled in Bozeman's other historic neighborhoods." - NRHP/Montana Historical Society plaque

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on December 21, 1987
Reference number
NR name
South Tracy--South Black Historic District
Architectural styles
American Movement: Bungalow/Craftsman; Victorian: Queen Anne
Areas of significance
Exploration/Settlement; Architecture
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; C - Design/Construction
Property type
Historic function
Single dwelling
Current function
Single dwelling
Periods of significance
1900-1924; 1875-1899; 1850-1874; 1925-1949
Number of properties
Contributing buildings: 78
Non-contributing buildings: 15


American Movement (6,254)
Bozeman MRA (46)
Bozeman, Montana (66)
Brick (42,464)
Bungalow/Craftsman (3,363)
District (10,553)
Fred Willson (8)
Gallatin County, Montana (134)
Montana (2,202)
Queen Anne (5,135)
Victorian (19,703)

Update Log 

  • July 26, 2019: Updated by Richard Doody: Added historical information