Arnold Trail to Quebec

Along the Kennebec River, through Wayman and Flagstaff lakes along the Dead River and Chain of Ponds to Quebec, Canada


Benedict Arnold slept here. Major Reuben Colburn House, Pittston Maine; 1765

The boats used in the expedition were built here using green wood, which led to problems with leakage.

Photo taken by Brian Bartlett

View this photo at



In September 1775, early in the American Revolutionary War, Colonel Benedict Arnold led a force of 1,100 Continental Army troops on an expedition from Cambridge, Massachusetts to the gates of Quebec City. Part of a two-pronged invasion of the British Province of Quebec, his expedition passed through the wilderness of what is now Maine. The other expedition, led by Richard Montgomery, invaded Quebec from Lake Champlain. Unanticipated problems beset the expedition as soon as it left the last significant colonial outposts in Maine. The portages up the Kennebec River proved grueling, and the boats frequently leaked, ruining gunpowder and spoiling food supplies. More than a third of the men turned back before reaching the height of land between the Kennebec and Chaudière rivers. The areas on either side of the height of land were swampy tangles of lakes and streams, and the traversal was made more difficult by bad weather and inaccurate maps. Many of the troops lacked experience handling boats in white water, which led to the destruction of more boats and supplies in the descent to the Saint Lawrence River via the fast-flowing Chaudière. By the time Arnold reached the French settlements above the Saint Lawrence River in November, his force was reduced to 600 starving men. They had traveled about 350 miles (560 km) through poorly charted wilderness, twice the distance they had expected to cover. Assisted by the local French-speaking Canadiens, Arnold's troops crossed the Saint Lawrence on November 13 and 14 and attempted to put Quebec City under siege. Failing in this, they withdrew to Point-aux-Trembles until Montgomery arrived to lead an unsuccessful attack on the city. Arnold was rewarded for his effort in leading the expedition with a promotion to brigadier general.

National Register information 

Posted to the National Register of Historic Places on October 1, 1969
Reference number
Areas of significance
Military; Transportation
Level of significance
Evaluation criteria
A - Event; B - Person
Property type
Historic functions
Road-related; Pedestrian related; Battle site
Current functions
Museum; Pedestrian related; Road-related
Period of significance
Significant year

Update Log 

  • September 3, 2015: Photo imported by Brian Bartlett
  • July 28, 2014: Photo imported by Brian Bartlett
  • March 8, 2014: Photo imported by Brian Bartlett
  • December 25, 2013: Updated by Brian Bartlett: Added description
  • December 17, 2013: Added by Brian Bartlett